Nebraska Pollinator Habitat Certification

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What is Pollination?
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the flower’s male reproductive organs or structures to the flower’s female reproductive organs or structures, resulting in seed production. More than 150 crops in the U.S. require pollination for seed production!  Most pollination services are provided by insects, wind, and other animals like birds.
 
Who are our pollinators? 
Most insect pollination is done by bees, flies, moths, butterflies, and beetles.  There has been much attention given to the decline of our pollinators.  The causes of their decline are numerous; loss of habitat, improper use of pesticides, poor nutrition, and disease.

 Why pollinator habitat? 
By creating habitat for pollinators, you are supplying them with their necessary food resources, nesting habitats, water, and pesticide-free environment they need!  By certifying your space, you are ensuring all the necessary pieces are in place!  Also, it can help spread the word in your neighborhood about the importance of pollinators, and how others can help.

Habitat Certification Application

Email: Kathleen Cue

 

Team Contacts

Plant Lists

Summer blooming Plants

Allium cernuum – Nodding Onion

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 1.5’ tall

Range: Found throughout Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full to part shade

Bloom Color: Pink

Additional Notes: all parts of the plant smell like onion when bruised or broken. Foliage often dies back late summer.

Amorpha canescens – Leadplant

Bloom Period: June - August

Height: up to 3’ tall

Range: Found throughout Nebraska, less common in the panhandle

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: purple/blue

Additional Notes: Leadplant will often form a multi-stem habit spreading up to 3’.

Aruncus dioicus – Goat’s Beard

Bloom Period: May-June

Height: up to 3’

Range: Found throughout Nebraska, less common in the panhandle

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: cream/white

Additional Notes: Goat’s Beard does well in damp locations.

Asclepias sp. – Milkweed

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: Up to 12”-3’

Range: Found throughout Nebraska depending on species

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: dependent on species

Additional Notes: depending on type, milkweed can colonize small areas

Cepholanthus occidentalis – Buttonbush

Bloom Period: late June

Height: up to 12’

Range:

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: cream/white

Additional Notes: tolerant of wet soils and standing water

Coreopsis lanceolata – tickseed

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 2’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom color: yellow

Additional Notes: can become weedy because of self-seeding nature

Coreopsis tinctoria – Plains Coreopsis

Bloom Period: July – August

Height: up to 3’

Range: central Nebraska

Bloom Color: yellow

Additional Notes: Plains coreopsis can be either an annual or biennial self-seeding creating an establish colony of itself.

Dalea purpurea – Purple Prairie Clover

Bloom Period: May-August

Height: up to 3’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: lavender/purple

Echinacea angustifolia – Narrowleaf Coneflower

Bloom Period: late June – July

Height: up to 4’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: purple

Echinacea purpurea – Purple Coneflower

Bloom Period: June-August

Height: up to 4’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: purple

Gaillardia sp. – Blanketflower

Bloom Period: June-August

Height: varies by species

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun – light shade

Bloom Color – varies by species variations of red and orange

Additional Notes: depending on species short lived perennial

Liatris sp. – Gayfeather

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: varies by species up to 5’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: red-violet

Additional Notes: bloom time is dependent on species with some flowering into September such as L. aspera.

Monarda sp. – Bee Balm

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: varies by species up to 5’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color – red to white

Additional Notes: flower color and size is dependent on species. Some are annuals such as M. pectinata while many are perennials. Prone to powdery mildew.

Packera plattensis – Prairie Groundsel

Bloom Period: June

Height: up to 1’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: golden yellow

Additional Notes: short lived perennial sometimes biennial

Oenthera sp. – Evening Primrose

Bloom Period: June – August varying by species

Height: varies by species 12” – 7’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: yellow and pink

Additional Notes: this genera has a wide range of growth habits from the low growing O. macrocarpa to the 6’ tall O. biennis. Some can aggressively self-seed and become weedy.

Penstemon cobaea – Prairie Penstemon

Bloom Period: June

Height: up to 3’

Range: found primarily in Southeast Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: pale lavender

Phacelia hastata – Silver-leaf Scorpionweed

Bloom Period: June – July

Height: up to 2’

Range: north central Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: neutral lavender

Additional Notes: once abundant has now become uncommon in its natural range.

Penstemon digitalis – Beardtongue

Bloom Period: June – July

Height: up to 3’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: pale lavender

Penstemon grandiflorus – Large Beardtongue

Bloom Period: June

Height: up to 3’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska, less common in the panhandle

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: lavender

Additional Notes: flowers have been known to last up to three weeks. Short lived perennial.

Rosa arkansana – Prairie Rose

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 2’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska, less common in the southern part of the state

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: pink

Additional Notes: woody shrub

Rosa blanda – Smooth Rose

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 5’

Range:

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: pink

Rosa carolina – Carolina Rose

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 5’

Range:

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: pink

Additional Notes: woody shrub

Ruellia humilis- Wild Petunia

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 18”

Range: predominantly southeast Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: violet

Additional Notes: flowers open at night

Silphium perfoliatum – Cup Plant

Bloom Period: July – September

Height: up to 8’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: yellow

Tilia sp. – Linden/Basswood

Bloom Period: June

Height: up to 80’

Range: predominantly found in the eastern side of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: cream/white

Tradescantia sp. – Spiderwort

Bloom Period: May – July

Height: up to 2’

Range: species dependent

Growing Conditions: full sun to part shade

Bloom Color: shade of violet and purple

Glandularia canadensis (formerly Verbenea canadensis) – Rose Vervain

Bloom Period: May – August

Height: up to 18”

Range:

Growing Condition: full sun

Bloom Color: rose-pink

Additional Notes: recently reclassified to the genus Glandularia. Often grown as an annual.

Veronicastrum virginicum – Culver’s Root

Bloom Period: June – August

Height: up to 6’

Range:

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: white/pale blue

Additional Notes: can take shade but will not flower as profusely as in full sun.

Arenaria hookeri – Hooker’s Sandwort

Bloom Period:

Height: up to 6”

Range:

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: white

Callirhoe invovlucrata – Purple Poppy Mallow

Bloom Period: June and sporadically afterwards

Height: up to 12”

Range: southern Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: magenta

Calylophus serrulatus – Yellow Sundrops

Bloom Period: June – July

Height: up to 18”

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: golden yellow

Erigeron sp. – Fleebane

Bloom Period: May – August

Height: up to 3’

Range: found throughout the state of Nebraska

Growing Conditions: full sun

Bloom Color: white to pale violet

Fall Blooming Plants

Agastache foeniculum-Licorice Mint

Bloom Period: August-September

Native to NE: Nebraska native and northern North America.

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 2-4 feet tall

Bloom Color: Purple

Additional Notes: Also known as anise hyssop. Plants will spread by rhizomes and will self seed in optimum growing conditions.

Aster sp.-Aster

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Many are Nebraska and northern North America natives. Aromatic, Azure, Heath, New England, Prairie, Smooth, Viscid, and Willowleaf.

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 1-4 feet tall

Bloom Color: Purple, blue, white, pink

Additional Notes: Long blooming. Plants will spread by rhizomes.

Cirsium altissimum-Tall thistle

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-8 feet tall

Bloom Color: Purple

Additional Notes: Biennual. Also known as Tall thistle, not a noxious weed. You can distinguish native thistles by noticing the silver color on the underside of the thistle leaves. Twenty eight species of butterflies visit tall thistle. American goldfinch eat the seed.

Chelone glabra and C. lyonii-Turtlehead

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to North America

Growing Conditions: Part shade, moist soil

Size: 2-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: White to Pink

Additional Notes: Woodland plant. Spreads slowly by rhizomes.

Conoclinium coelestinum-Hardy Ageratum

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 1-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: Blue

Additional Notes: Also known as blue mist flower. Spreads by rhizomes.

Eupatorium altissimum-Tall Boneset

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 2-6 feet tall

Bloom Color: White

Additional Notes: Also known as Tall Thoroughwort. Self seeding.

Eupatorium maculatum-Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 4-7 feet tall

Bloom Color: Pink

Additional Notes: Persistent seed heads in the winter.

Helenium autumnale-Sneezeweed

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-5 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Clump forming perennial.

Helianthus sp.-Sunflower

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska, Common sunflower-annual, Sawtooth and Maximilian sunflowers-perennials.

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-8 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Native birds and wildlife feed on seeds. Self seeding plants.

Heliopsis helianthoides-False sunflower

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Native to Nebraska

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-6 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Also known as smooth oxeye.

Heptacodium miconioides-Seven Son’s Flower

Bloom Period: September

Native to NE: Native to China

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 15-20 feet tall

Bloom Color: White

Additional Notes: Large, fountain shape, deciduous shrub. Flowers appear in whorls, with each whorl containing 7 small flowers. Exfoliating bark. Excellent plant for migrating butterflies in the fall.

Lobelia siphilitica, L. cardinalis-Lobelia

Bloom Period: August-September

Native to NE: Both Nebraska natives

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 2-4 feet tall

Bloom Color: Blue, red

Additional Notes: Tubular flowers. Lobelia siphilitica-blue cardinal flower, Lobelia cardinalis-red cardinal flower.

Gaura parviflora-Velvet Gaura

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Nebraska native

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-9 feet tall

Bloom Color: Pink

Additional Notes: Annual. Also known as Small-Flowered Gaura.

Pycanthemum tenifolium-Mountain Mint

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Nebraska native

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 2-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: White

Additional Notes: Can be an aggressive spreader. Also known as Narrowleaf Mountain Mint.

Pycanthemum virginianum-Virginia Mountain Mint

Bloom Period: August-October

Native to NE: Nebraska native

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade, average soil

Size: 2-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: White

Additional Notes: Also known as American Mountain Mint.

Ratibida pinnata-Gray Headed Coneflower

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Nebraska native

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-5 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Best planted in mass plantings.

Rudbeckia sp.-Black Eyed Susan

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Nebraska native, Rudbeckia hirta, Rudbeckia laciniata-cut leaf, Rudbeckia triloba-brown eyed Susan

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Easily reseed.

Salvia azurea-Pitcher Sage

Bloom Period: July-October

Native to NE: Nebraska native

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-5 feet tall

Bloom Color: Blue

Additional Notes: In the mint family, but not an aggressive spreader.

Solidago sp.-Goldenrod

Bloom Period: July-October

Native to NE: Nebraska natives

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-5 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Missouri, Canada, Showy and Rigid goldenrods are all native.

Solidaster luteus-Solidaster

Bloom Period: August-September

Native to NE: Hybrid

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-3 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow

Additional Notes: Solidaster is a bigeneric hybrid between Aster and Solidago.

Verbena hastata, V. stricta-Vervain

Bloom Period: July-October

Native to NE: Nebraska natives

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-6 feet tall

Bloom Color: Purple

Additional Notes: American Blue Vervain and Hoary Vervain.

Vernonia sp. Ironweed

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Nebraska natives

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 2-4 feet tall

Bloom Color: Purple

Additional Notes: Western Ironweed and Baldwin’s Ironweed.

Perovskia atriplicifolia-Russian Sage

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Native to Asia

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: 3-5 feet tall

Bloom Color: Blue

Additional Notes: In the Mint family.

Sedum sp.-Stonecrop

Bloom Period: July-September

Native to NE: Native to North America and introduced.

Growing Conditions: Full sun, average soil

Size: .5-2 feet tall

Bloom Color: Yellow, red

Additional Notes: Nebraska has one native sedum-Sedum lanceolatum, Northwestern panhandle.

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