Dr. Tom Hunt (Emeritus)

Dr. Tom Hunt (Emeritus)
Emeritus Professor
Integrated Pests Management; Ecology and Management of Arthropods

We believe in the power of every person.

Emeriti Profile


  • B.A. in Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1990
  • M.S. in Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1993
  • Ph.D. in Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1999

Professional Responsibilities and Activities

  • Our goal is to develop and provide comprehensive insect management recommendations that are specific to the unique combinations environmental conditions, pest complexes, and cropping systems of northeast Nebraska and the north central U.S. This includes being responsive to the current needs of our clientele and anticipating and responding to emerging issues. Our approach is based on the principles of integrated pest management.
  • Our research and extension program covers a variety of issues important to farmers and focuses on corn, soybean, and alfalfa. The research projects fall in the general categories of economic threshold development, resistance management, insect pest biology & behavior, emerging problems, and product efficacy.


Book Chapters:

  • Koch, K.G., Donze-Reiner, T., Hunt, T.E., Heng-Moss, T.H., Baldin, E.L.L. 2019. Tolerância. In: Baldin, E.L.L.; Vendramim, J.D.; Lourenção, A.L. (Eds.). Resistência de plantas a insetos: fundamentos e aplicações. Fealq, Piracicaba, São Paulo, (Portuguese).
  • Hunt, Thomas E., Edson L. L. Baldin. 2012. Soybean Insects: Ecology and Control. In Encyclopedia of Pest Management. Taylor and Francis: New York, Published online: 08 Aug 2012: 1-4.

Refereed Journal Publications:

(* Research conducted by student while advised by Hunt)

  • Montezano, D.G., Hunt, T.E., Colombo da Luz, P.M., Karnik, K., Kachman, S.D., Vélez, A.M., Peterson, J.A. 2023. Movement of Striacosta albicosta (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae on Transgenic Bt and Non-Bt Maize. Insects 2023, 14, 524, https://doi.org/10.3390/insects14060524  

  • Baldin, E.L.L., M. Soares, A. Santana, T.E. Hunt, J.A. McMechan, A. Velez Arango, J. Louis. 2023. Efficacy of ethanolic seed extracts of Annona spp. against Aphis glycines. Crop Protection 170 (106268) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2023.106268

  • Svehla, S.*, T. Brosius*, L. Higley, T. Hunt. 2023. High sensitivity of the tiger beetle, Cicindela circumpicta, to toxicity from pyrethroids and neonicotinoids, and implications for ecosystem function and species extinctions. 2023, 3, 191-198. https://doi.org/10.3390/conservation3010014

  • Lawton, D., A. Huseth, G. Kennedy, A. Morey, W. Hutchison, D. Resig, S. Dorman, D. Dillard, R. Venette, R. Groves, J. Adamczyk, I. Barbosa Dos Santos, T. Baute, E.  Burkness, A. Dean, G. Dively, S. Dorman, H. Doughty, S. Fleischer, J. Green, J. Greene, K. Hamilton, E. Hodgson, T. Hunt, S. Malone, F. Musser, D. Owens, J. Palumbo, S. Paula-Moraes, J. Peterson, F. Reay-Jones, D. Reisig, S. Rondon, A. Seaman, L. Spears, S. Stewart, S. Taylor, T. Towles, C. Welty, J. Whalen, R. Wright and M. Zuefle. 2022. Pest population dynamics are driven by a continental overwintering gradient. PNAS. 119(37) e2203230119.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2203230119

  • Ribeiro, A.V., Aita, R.C., D.T. Pezzini, C.D. DiFonzo, T.E. Hunt, J.J. Knodel, C.H. Krupke, L. Marchi-Werle, A.P. Michel, N.J. Seiter, R.J. Wright, W.D. Hutchison and R.L. Koch. 2022. Optimization of sample unit size for sampling stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatimidae) in soybean. Crop Prot. 157 (105986)  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2022.105986

  • Ongaratto, S. E.*, C. M. Silveira, M. C. Santos, J. E. R. Gorri, M. M. P. Sartori, T.E. Hunt, A. L. Lourenção, E. L. L. Baldin. 2021 Resistance of soybean genotypes to Anticarsia gemmatalis (Lepidoptera: Erebidae): antixenosis and antibiosis characterization. J. Econ. Entomol. 1-10, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toab197
  • Aita, R.C., D.T. Pezzini, E.C. Burkness, C.D. DiFonzo, D.L. Finke,T.E. Hunt, J.J. Knodel, C.H. Krupke, L. Marchi-Werle, B. McCornack, A.P. Michel, C.R. Philips, N.J. Seiter, A.J. Varenhorst, R.J. Wright, W.D. Hutchison, and R. L. Koch. 2021. Presence-Absence Sampling Plans for Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in the Midwest region of the United States. J. Econ. Entomol. 114(3), 1362–1372, https://doi:10.1093/jee/toab076
  • Ongaratto, S. E.*, L.L. Baldin, T.E. Hunt, D.G. Montezano, E.A. Robinson, M.C. dos Santos. 2021. Effects of intraguild interactions on Anticarsia gemmatalis and Chrysodeixis includens larval fitness and behavior in soybean. Pest Manag. Sci. 77: 2939-2947, https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6330
  • McMechan, J.A., E.W. Hodgson, A.J. Varenhorst, T.E. Hunt, R.J. Wright, and B. Potter. 2021. Soybean gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a new species causing injury to soybean in the United States, JIPM 12:1, 8, https://doi.org/10.1093/jipm/pmab001
  • Bueno, A.F., A.R. Panizzi, T.E. Hunt, P.M. Dourado, R.M. Pitta, J. Gonçalves. 2021. Challenges for Adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM): The Soybean Example. Neotrop. Entomol. 50:5-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-020-00792-9
  • Silva, P.R., A.N. Istchuk, J. Foresti, T.E. Hunt, T.A. Araújo, F.F. Lemes, E.R. Alencar, C.S. Bastos. 2021. Economic injury levels and economic thresholds for Diceraeus (Dichelops) melacanthus (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in vegetative maize, Crop Protect. 143. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105476
  • Specht, A., F.M.S. Dias, G. San Blás, V.F. Roque-Specht, M.M. Casagrande, O.H.H. Mielke, D.G. Montezano*, I. Barbosa Santos, S.V. Paula-Moraes, T.E. Hunt, J.V. Malaquias, F.A.D. Bonfin, P.V. M. Vieira. 2020. The Granulate Cutworm, Feltia subterranean (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Biological Parameters Under Controlled Conditions, Natural Host Plants and Agricultural Significance in the Americas. J. Insect Sci. 20(6): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieaa115
  • Coates, B.S., C.A. Abel, K.A. Swoboda-Bhattarai, D.E. Palmquist, D.G. Montezano, S.N.   Zukoff, Y. Wang, J.D. Bradshaw, C.D. DiFonzo, E. Shields, K.J. Tilmon, T.E. Hunt, J.A. Peterson. 2020. Geographic distribution of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1F toxin resistance in western bean cutworm, Striacosta albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), populations in the United States. J. Econ. Entomol. http://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa136
  • Fanela, T.L.M.*, E.L.L Baldin, T.E. Hunt, R.D Faria, 2020. Baseline Plant-to-Plant Larval Movement of Spodoptera eridania in Bt and Non-Bt Soybean and Its Possible Impacts on IRM. Journal of Economic Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa079
  • Araújo, T.A.d.*, D.T. Pezzini, R.S. Ramos, M.C. Picanço, C.S. Bastos, T.E. Hunt, W.D. Hutchison. 2020. Development and Validation of Sampling Plans for Frankliniella schultzei on Tomato. Crop Protection 134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105163
  • Anderson, P.A., D. T. Pezzini, N. M. Bueno, C. D. DiFonzo, D. L. Finke, T. E. Hunt, J. J. Knodel, C. H. Krupke, B. P. McCornack, C. R. Philips, A. J. Varenhorst, R. J. Wright, R. L. Koch. 2020. Parasitism of adult Pentatomidae by Tachinidae in soybean in the North Central Region of the United States. Journal of Insect Science 20(3): 1-4 https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieaa030
  • Tavares, C.S.*, S. V. Paula-Moraes, A. Valencia-Jimenez, T. E. Hunt, A. M. Vélez, E.J.G Pereira. 2019. Egg albumin as a protein marker to study dispersal of Noctuidae in the agroecosystem. Environ. Entomol., 48(6):1260-1269, doi: 10.1093/ee/nvz118
  • Silva, P.R. da, A.N. Istchuk, T.E. Hunt, C.S. Bastos, J.B. Torres, K.L. Campos and J. Foresti. 2019. Susceptibility of corn to stink bug (Dichelops melacanthus) and its management through seed treatment. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 13(12):2015-2021, doi: 10.21475/ajcs.19.13.12.p2021
  • Montezano, Débora G.*, Thomas E. Hunt, Alexandre Specht, Priscila M. C. Luz and Julie A. Peterson. 2019. Survival and Development of Striacosta albicosta (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Immature Stages on Dry Beans, non-Bt, Cry1F, and Vip3A Maize. Insects, 10(10), 343; doi.org/10.3390/insects10100343
  • Montezano, Débora G.*, Thomas E. Hunt, Dariane Souza, Bruno Vieira, Ana M. Vélez, Greg R. Kruger, Sarah N. Zukoff, Jeffrey D. Bradshaw, Blair D. Siegfried, and Julie A. Peterson. 2019. Bifenthrin baseline susceptibility and evaluation of simulated aerial applications in Striacosta albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol., 112(6):2915–2922, doi:10.1093/jee/toz237
  • Montezano, Débora Goulart*, Alexandre Specht, Thomas E. Hunt, Julie A. Peterson, Daniel R. Sosa-Gómez, Silvana V. Paula-Moraes, Juaci V. Malaquias, Vânia F. Roque-Specht. 2019. Biotic potential and reproductive parameters of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Agricultural Science, 11(13): 240-252, doi:10.5539/jas.v11n13p240
  • Montezano, D.G.*, T.E. Hunt, A. Specht, P.M.C. Luz and J.A. Peterson. 2019. Life-history parameters of Striacosta albicosta (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under laboratory conditions. J. Insect Sci., 19(4): 14. doi: 10.1093/jisesa/iez073
  • Montezano, D.G.*., A. Specht, D.R. Sosa-Gómez, V.F. Roque-Specht, S.V. Paula-Moraes, J.A. Peterson and T.E. Hunt. 2019. Developmental parameters of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) immature stages under controlled and standardized conditions. Journal of Agricultural Science, 11: 76-89. doi:10.5539/jas.v11n8p76
  • Pezzini, D.T., C.D. DiFonzo, D.L. Finke, T.E. Hunt, J.J. Knodel, C.H. Krupke, B. McCornack, A.P. Michel, A.J. Varenhorst, R.J. Wright and R.L. Koch. 2019. Community composition, abundance and temporal dynamics of stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in soybean in the North Central Region of the U.S. J. Econ. Entomol.. 112(4): 1722–1731, doi:10.1093/jee/toz099
  • Pezzini, D.T., C.D. DiFonzo, D.L. Finke, T.E. Hunt, J.J. Knodel, C.H. Krupke, B. McCornack, A.P. Michel, R.D. Moon, C.R. Philips, A.J. Varenhorst, R.J. Wright and R.L. Koch. 2019. Spatial patterns and sequential sampling plans for stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in soybean in the North Central Region of the U.S. J. Econ. Entomol.. 112(4): 1732-1740, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz100
  • Camargo, C.*, D. D. Snow, S. Onanong, T. E. Hunt, B. D. Siegfried. 2019. Residues of thiamethoxam and mefenoxam in vegetative and floral tissue of soybean at the early reproductive stage resulting from seed treatments. Crop Protection, 119: 134-140. doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2019.01.019
  • Pannuti, Luiz E. R.*, Edson L. L. Baldin, Silvana V. Paula-Moraes, Thomas E. Hunt, Vinicius F. Canassa, José P. G. F. Silva, Ivana F. da Silva. 2019. External Marking and Behavior of Early Instar Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Soybean. Florida Entomologist, 102: 90-95, doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0114
  • Chapman, K.M., L.Marchi-Werle*, T.E. Hunt, T.M. Heng-Moss, and J. Louis. 2018. Abscisic and Jasmonic Acids Contribute to Soybean Tolerance to the Soybean Aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura). Scientific Reports, 8:15148, DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-33477-w
  • Montezano, D.G*., A. Specht, D.R. Sosa-Gómez, V.F. Roque-Specht, J.C. S. Silva, S.V. Paula-Moraes, J.A. Peterson and T.E. Hunt. 2018. Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology, 26(2): 286–300
  • Marchi-Werle, Lia*, H. D. Fischer, G. Graef, T. E. Hunt and T. M. Heng-Moss. 2018. Characterization and Identification of Methods for Phenotyping Soybean Populations with Tolerance to the Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae). J. Econ. Entomol., 111(5): 2416–2425, doi: 10.1093/jee/toy177
  • Pereira, R.R.*, Neves, D.V.C., Campos, J.N., Santana Júnior, P.A., Hunt, T.E., & Picanço, M.C.. 2018. Natural biological control of Chrysodeixis includens. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 1-12. doi:10.1017/S000748531800007X
  • Baldin, E.L.L., M.D. Stamm, J.P.F. Bentivenha*, K.G. Koch, T. Heng-Moss, T.E. Hunt. 2018. Feeding behavior of Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on soybeans exhibiting antibiosis, antixenosis, and tolerance resistance. Florida Entomologist 101, No. 2
  • Bamphitlhi Tiroesele, B., Steven R Skoda, Thomas E Hunt, Donald J Lee, Muhammad Irfan Ullah, Jaime Molina-Ochoa, John E Foster. 2018. Morphological and Genetic Analysis of Four Color Morphs of Bean Leaf Beetle. Journal of Insect Science, Volume 18, Issue 2, 1 March 2018, 39, https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iey016
  • Ribeiro, Matheus G P de M*, Thomas E Hunt, Blair D Siegfried. 2018. Acute-contact and chronic-systemic in-vivo bioassays: regional monitoring of susceptibility to thiamethoxam in soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations from the North Central United States. J. Econ. Entomol., 111(1): 337–347. doi: 10.1093/jee/tox290
  • Marchi-Werle, L.*, E. L. L. Baldin, H. D. Fischer, T. M. Heng-Moss and T. E. Hunt 2017. Economic Injury Levels for Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on the Soybean Aphid Tolerant KS4202 Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). J. Econ. Entomol., 110(5): 2100-2108, doi: 10.1093/jee/tox225
  • Tietjen, C.L.*, T.E. Hunt, D.D. Snow, D. A. Cassada, and B.D. Siegfried. 2017. Method Development for Monitoring Bean Leaf Beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Susceptibility to Thiamethoxam Seed Treatments on Soybeans. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 33: 32-43
  • Bentivenha, José*, Montezano, Débora*, Hunt, Thomas, Baldin, Edson, Peterson, Julie A., Victor, Vinícius, Pannuti, Luiz, Vélez, Ana, Paula-Moraes, Silvana. 2017. Intraguild interactions and behavior of Spodoptera frugiperda and Helicoverpa spp. on maize. Pest Management Science, 73(11); 2244–2251, doi:10.1002/ps.4595
  • Koch, Robert L, Daniela T. Pezzini, Andrew P. Michel, and Thomas E. Hunt. 2017. Identification, Biology, Impacts and Management of Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of Soybean and Corn in the Midwestern United States. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 8(1): 1-14. DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx004
  • Camargo C.G.*, T.E. Hunt, L. Giesler, B.D. Siegfried. 2017. Thiamethoxam toxicity and effects on consumption behavior in Orius insidosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on soybean. Environ. Entomol., 46(3) 693–699, doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvx050
  • Marchi-Werle, Lia*, Renata Ramos Pereira*, John C Reese, Tiffany Heng-Moss, Thomas Hunt. 2017. Yield Response of Tolerant and Susceptible Soybean to the Soybean Aphid. Agronomy Journal, 109 (4):1663-1669
  • Andow, D. A., R. J. Wright, E. W. Hodgson, T. E. Hunt, K. R. Ostlie. 2017. Farmers’ perspectives on resistance in western corn rootworm to CRW-Bt corn in Midwest USA. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 9(3), pp. 27-38. DOI: 10.5897/JAERD2016.0827
  • Koch, Robert L, Robert L. Koch, Bruce D. Potter, Phillip A. Glogoza, Erin W. Hodgson, Christian H. Krupke, John F. Tooker, Christina D. DiFonzo, Andrew P. Michel, Kelley J. Tilmon, Travis J. Prochaska, Janet J. Knodel, Robert J. Wright, Thomas E. Hunt, Bryan Jensen, Adam J. Varenhorst, Brian P. McCornack, Kelly A. Estes, and Joseph L. Spencer. 2016. Biology and Economics of Recommendations for Insecticide-Based Management of Soybean Aphid. Plant Health Progress, Vol. 17: 4, 265- 269. DOI: 10.1094/PHP-RV-16-0061
  • Bentivenha, José Paulo Franco, Silvana Vieira Paula-Moraes, Edson Luiz Lopes Baldin, Alexandre Specht, Ivana Fernandes Silva, Thomas Elliott Hunt. 2016. Battle in the New World: Helicoverpa armigera versus Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PLoS ONE (11(12): e0167182)
  • Cruz, P.L., E.L.L. Baldin, L.R.P. Guimarães, L.E.R. Pannuti, G.P.P. Lima, T.M. Heng-Moss, T.E. Hunt. 2016. Tolerance of KS-4202 soybean to the attack of Bemisia tabaci biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Florida Entomologist 99 (4): 1-8
  • Baldin, E.L.L., L. Marchi-Werle, L.E.R. Pannuti, T.M. Heng-Moss, T.E. Hunt. 2016. Evaluating categories of resistance in soybean genotypes from United States and Brazil to Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Florida Entomologist 99 (3): 487-495
  • Bentivenha, Jose P.F.*, Edson L. L. Baldin, Débora G. Montezano*, Thomas E. Hunt, Silvana V. Paula-Moraes. 2016. Attack and defense movements involved in the interaction of Spodoptera frugiperda and Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J Pest Sci DOI 10.1007/s10340-016-0802-3
  • Bentivenha, J.P.F.*, E. L. L. Baldin, T. E. Hunt, S. V. Paula-Moraes, E. E. Blankenship. 2016. Intraguild Competition of Three Noctuid Maize Pests. Environ. Entomol. , 45(4), 2016, 999–1008, doi: 10.1093/ee/nvw068
  • Pannuti, L.E.R.*, S.V. Paula-Moraes*, T.E. Hunt, E.L.L. Baldin, L. Dana, J.V. Malaquias. 2016. Plant-to-plant movement of Striacosta albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Maize. J. Econ. Entomol. 2016, 1-7; doi: 10.1093/jee/tow042
  • Pannuti, L.E.R.*, E.L.L. Baldin, T. E. Hunt, and S. V. Paula-Moraes. 2015. On-Plant Larval Movement and Feeding Behavior of Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Reproductive Corn Stages. Environ. Entomol. , 2015, 1–9
  • Hanson, A. A., R. D. Moon, R. J. Wright, T. E. Hunt, and W. D. Hutchison. 2015. Degree-day prediction models for the flight phenology of western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) assessed with the concordance correlation coefficient. J. Econ. Entomol. 1–11; DOI: 10.1093/jee/tov110
  • Hodgson, E. W., Wright, R., Gray, M., Hunt, T., Ostlie, K., Andow, D. A. 2015. Farmer responses to resistance issues in corn rootworm to Bt corn: qualitative analysis of focus groups. Journal of Extension 53(2) Article 2RIB7
  • Prochaska, T.*, Donze-Reiner, T., Marchi-Werle*, L., Palmer, N. A., Hunt, T., Sarath, G., Heng-Moss, T. 2015. Transcriptional responses of tolerant and susceptible soybeans to soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) herbivory. Arthropod-Plant Interactions., DOI 10.1007/s11829-015-9371-2
  • Marchi-Werle, L.*, Heng-Moss, T., Hunt, T., Baldin, E., Baird, L. 2014. Characterization of Peroxidase Changes in Tolerant and Susceptible Soybeans Challenged by Soybean Aphid. J. Econ. Entomol., 107, 1985-1990
  • Tiroesele, B., Skoda, S. R., Hunt, T., Lee, D. H., Molina-Ochoa, J., Foster, J. E. 2014. Population structure, genetic variability, and gene flow of the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata, in the Midwestern United States. Journal of Insect Science, 14(62), 1-15. http://www.insectscience.org/14.62
  • Palizada, S. A.*, Tiroesele, B.*, Kondidie, D. B., Ullah, M. I., Mustafa, F., Hunt, T., Clark, P. L., Molina-Ochoa, J., Skoda, S. R., Foster, J. E. 2014. Minute pirate bug (Orius insidiosus SAY) populations on transgenic and non-transgenic maize using different sampling techniques. Pakistan Entomologist, 36(1), 1-6
  • Stamm, M. D., T. M. Heng-Moss, F. P. Baxendale, J. C. Reese, B. D. Siegfried, T. E. Hunt, R. E. Gaussoin, and E. E. Blankenship. 2013. Effects of thiamethoxam seed treatments on soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) feeding behavior. J. Econ. Entomol. 106, 2384-2390
  • Paula-Moraes, S.*, T.E. Hunt, R.J. Wright, G.L. Hein, and E. E. Blankenship. 2013. Western bean cutworm survival and the development of economic injury levels and economic thresholds in field corn. J. Econ. Entomol. 106(3): 1274-1285
  • Hanson, Anthony A., Silvana Paula-Moraes*, Thomas E. Hunt, and W. D. Hutchison. 2013. Supercooling Point of Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Collected in Eastern Nebraska. Great Lakes Entomologist 46: 216-224
  • Prochaska, T. J.*, L. M. Pierson*, E.L.L. Baldin , T. E. Hunt , T. M. Heng-Moss , and J. C. Reese. 2013. Evaluation of Late Vegetative and Reproductive Stage Soybeans for Resistance to Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae). J. Econ. Entomol. 106(2):1036-1044. URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1603/EC12320
  • Palizada S.A.*, Belay D.K., Tiroesele B.*, Mustafa F., Ullah M.I., Hunt T., Molina-Ochoa J., Skoda S.R., Clark P.L. and Foster J.E.. 2013. Non-Target Effect of Cry1 Ab and Cry Ab x Cry3 Bb1 Bt Transgenic Maize on Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Abundance. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 2: 107. doi: 10.4172/2161-0983.1000107
  • Paula-Moraes, S. V.*, T. E. Hunt, R. J. Wright, G. L. Hein, and E. E. Blankenship. 2012. On-Plant Movement and Feeding of Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Early Instars on Corn. Environ. Entomol. 41(6): 1494-1500
  • Lindroth, E.*, T. E. Hunt, S. R. Skoda, M. D. Culy, D. Lee, and J. E. Foster. 2012. Population Genetics of the Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Across the United States. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 105(5): 685-692
  • Tiroesele, Bamphitlhi*, Thomas E. Hunt, Robert Wright, Erin E. Blankenship and John E. Foster. 2012. The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Population dynamics on edamame soybeans in Nebraska, USA. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(44), pp. 5912-5918.
  • Hutchison, W. D., T. E. Hunt, G. L. Hein, K. L. Steffey, C. D. Pilcher and M. E. Rice. 2011. Genetically-Engineered Bt Corn and Range Expansion of the Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the United States: A Response to Greenpeace Germany. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(3):1-8
  • Paula-Moraes, S.*, Burkness, E.C., Hunt, T.E., Wright, R.J., Hein, G.L., Hutchison, W.D. 2011. Cost-effective binomial sequential sampling of western bean cutworm, Striacosta albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), egg masses in corn. J. Econ. Entomol. 104(6):1900-1908
  • Ikten, C., S. R. Skoda, T. E. Hunt, J. Molina-Ochoa, and J. E. Foster. 2011. Genetic Variation And Inheritance Of Diapause Induction In Two Distinct Voltine Populations Of The European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera:Crambidae), Annals of the Entomol. Soc. Am. 104(3): 567-575
  • Pierson, L. M.*, T. M. Heng-Moss, T.E. Hunt, and J. Reese. 2011. Physiological Responses of Resistant and Susceptible R1 Stage Soybean Genotypes to Soybean Aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) Feeding. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 5:49–58
  • Vilarinho, E. C.*, O. A. Fernandes, T. E. Hunt, D. F. Caixeta. 2011. Movement of Spodoptera frugiperda adults (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in maize in Brazil. Florida Entomol. 94(3): 480-488
  • Stilwell, A. R.*, R. J. Wright, T. E. Hunt & E. E. Blankenship. 2010. Degree-day Requirements for Alfalfa Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Development in Eastern Nebraska. Environ. Entomol. 39: 202-209
  • Pierson, L.M.*, T.M. Heng-Moss, T.E. Hunt, and J.C. Reese. 2010. Categorizing the Resistance of Soybean Genotypes to the Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae). J. Econ. Entomol. 103(4):1405-1411
  • Hutchison, W., E. Burkness, P. Mitchell, R. Moon, T. Leslie, S. Fleischer, M Abrahamson, K. Hamilton, K. Steffey, M. Gray, R. Hellmich, V. Kaster, T. Hunt, R. Wright, K. Pecinovsky, T.L. Rabaey, B.R. Flood & E. Raun. 2010. Areawide Suppression of European Corn Borer via Transgenic Maize Reaps Savings to Non-Bt Maize Growers. Science Vol. 330, Issue 6001, pp. 220-225
  • Brosius, T. R.* L. G. Higley, and T. E. Hunt. 2010. Biotic and Abiotic Influences on Within-Plant Distribution of Soybean Aphid (Aphis glycines). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 83:273-282
  • Magalhaes, L.C.*, T. E. Hunt, and B. D. Siegfried. 2009. Efficacy of Neonicotinoid seed treatments to reduce soybean aphid populations under field and controlled conditions in Nebraska. J. Econ. Entomol. J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 187-195
  • Ziems, J. R.*, Hoback, W. W., Higley, L. G., Hunt, T. E., Fernendez, O. A., Bastos, C., and Bueno, A. F. 2008. Second generation European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) injury and Irish potato physiology, yield, and quality. Agron. J. 100:720-725
  • Magalhaes, L. C.*, T. E. Hunt, and B. D. Siegfried. 2008. Development of methods to evaluate susceptibility of soybean aphid to imidacloprid and thiamethoxam at lethal and sublethal concentrations. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 128: 330-336
  • Krumm, J. T.*, T. E. Hunt, S. R. Skoda, G. L. Hein, D. J. Lee, P. L. Clark, J. E. Foster. 2008. Genetic variability of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, suggests gene flow between populations in the Midwestern United States. J. Insect Sci. 8:69, available online: insectscience.org/8.69
  • Carroll, M. W., J. A. Glaser, R. L. Hellmich, T. E. Hunt, D. Calvin, K. Bidne, T. W. Sappington, K. Copenhaver and J. Fridgen. 2008. Detection of European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner), Infestation in Iowa Corn Plots using Spectral Vegetation Indices. J. Econ. Entomol. 101: 1614-1623
  • Hunt, Thomas E., Lawrent L. Buschman, and Phillip E. Sloderbeck. 2007. Insecticide Use in Bt and Non-Bt Field Corn in the Western Corn Belt: As Reported by Crop Consultants in a Mail Survey. American Entomologist. 53: 86-93
  • Ragsdale, D. W., B. P. McCornack, R. C. Venette, B. D. Potter, I. V. MacRae, E. W. Hodgson, M. E. O'Neal, K. D. Johnson, R. J. O'Neil, C. D. Difonzo, T. E. Hunt, P. A. Glogoza, and E. M. Cullen. 2007. Economic threshold for soybean aphid (Homoptera:Aphididae). J. Econ. Entomol. 100:1258-1267
  • Magalhaes, L. C.*, B. W. French, T. E. Hunt, and B. D. Siegfried. 2007. Baseline susceptibility of western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to clothianidin. J. Appl. Entomol. 131: 251-255.
  • Brosius, T. R.*, L. G. Higley, and T. E. Hunt. 2007. Population dynamics of soybean aphid (Aphis glycines) and biotic mortality at the edge of its range. J. Econ. Entomol. 100:1268-1275.
  • Gustafson, T. C.*, S. Z. Knezevic, T. E. Hunt and J. L. Lindquist. 2006. Simulated insect defoliation and duration of weed interference affected soybean growth. Weed Science 54:735-742.
  • Gustafson, T. C.*, S. Z. Knezevic, T. E. Hunt and J. L. Lindquist. 2006. Early season insect defoliation influences the critical time for weed removal in soybean. Weed Science 54:509:515.
  • Ziems, J. R.*, B. J. Zechmann, W. W. Hoback, J. C. Wallace, R. A. Madsen, T. E. Hunt, and L. G. Higley. 2006. Yield response of indeterminate potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to simulated insect defoliation. Agron. J. 98: 1435-1441.
  • Vilarinho, E. C.*, O. A. Fernandes, C. Omoto, and T. E. Hunt. 2006. Oil-Soluble Dyes for Marking Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 99: 2110-2115.
  • Madsen, R. A.*, T. E. Hunt, and L. G. Higley. 2004. Simulated clover leaf weevil injury and alfalfa yield and quality. Agron. J. 96, 224-228.
  • Hunt, T. E., L. G. Higley, and F. J. Haile. 2003. Imported longhorned weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) injury to soybean: physiological response and injury guild-level economic injury levels. J. Econ. Entomol. 96:1168-1173.
  • Peterson, R. K. D., and T. E.Hunt, 2003. The probabilistic economic injury level: incorporating uncertainty into pest management decision-making. J. Econ. Entomol 96: 536-543.
  • Nowarzki. T. M., B. Niimi, K. J. Warren, S. Putman, L. J. Meinke, D. C. Gosselin, F. E. Harvey, T. E. Hunt,  B. D. Siegfried. 2003. In-field labeling of western corn rootworm adults (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with rubidium. J. Econ. Entomol. 96(6): 1750-1759.
  • Shapiro, C. A., G. W. Echtenkamp, T. E. Hunt, and J. F. Witkowski. 2002. Effects of manure, hybrid tolerance, and reduced rates of insecticide on corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) injury to corn. J. Sustainable Agriculture 21:95-107.
  • Giesler, L. J., S. A. Ghabrial, T. E. Hunt, and J. H. Hill. 2002. Bean pod mottle virus: A threat to U.S. soybean production. Plant Disease 1280-1289.
  • Hunt, T. E., L. G. Higley, J. F. Witkowski., L. J. Young, and R. L. Hellmich. 2001. Dispersal of adult European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) within and proximal to corn. J. Econ. Entomol. 94:1369-1377.
  • Hunt, T. E., L. G. Higley, and L. P. Pedigo. 2000. A re-examination of economic injury levels for potato leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) on soybean. J. Entomol. Sci. 35:97-104.
  • Hunt, T. E., R. L. Hellmich, J. M. Dyer, L. G. Higley, and J. F. Witkowski. 2000. Oil-soluble dyes for marking European corn borer (Lepidoptera:Crambidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 35:338-341.
  • Hunt, T. E., F. J. Haile, W. W. Hoback, and L. G. Higley. 1999. Indirect measurement of insect defoliation. Environ. Entomol. 28:1136-1139.
  • Hunt, T. E., L. G. Higley, and J. F. Witkowski. 1995. Bean leaf beetle injury to seedling soybean: consumption, effects on leaf expansion, and economic injury levels. Agron. J. 87:183-188.
  • Hunt, T. E., L. G. Higley, and J. F. Witkowski. 1994. Soybean growth and yield after bean leaf beetle injury to seedlings. Agron. J. 86:140-146.
  • Godfrey, L. D., K. E. Godfrey, T. E. Hunt, and S. M. Spomer. 1991. Natural enemies of European corn borer Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae in irrigated and drought-stressed corn. J. Kan. Entomol. Soc. 64:279-286.

Select Extension Publications:

  • Casey, Mary Anne, Kevin B. Rice, Thomas E. Hunt. 2021. Farmers Needs Related to Soybean Insect Pests: Focus Group Interviews with Soybean Growers & Crop Consultants. (pp. 42). North Central Soybean Research Program.
  • McMechan, Justin, Thomas Hunt, and Robert Wright. 2021. Soybean Gall Midge in Nebraska. (pp. 7). Lincoln NE: University of Nebraska Extension NebGuide G2331.

  • Specht, J.E., T. Hoegemeyer ….T.E. Hunt, plus 30 other co-authors. 2019. Nebraska Soybean & Corn Pocket Field Guide. Nebraska Soybean and Corn Boards and United Soybean Board.
  • Mason, Charles E., Marlin E. Rice, R. Christine D. Difonzo, Patrick Porter, Thomas W. Sappington, Thomas E. Hunt, Richard L. Helmich, Tracey S. Bauté, David A. Andow, G. David Buntin, Galen P. Dively, William D. Hutchison, Christian Nansen, Janet J. Knodel, Dennis D. Calvin, Eileen M. Cullen, Gregory B. Cronholm, Fangneng Huang, Lawrent L. Buschman, John W. Van Duyn, William B. Showers, John F. Witkowski, Randal A. Higgins, David W. Onstad. 2018. European Corn Borer - Ecology and Management and Association with other Corn Pests, NCR 0327. Ames: Iowa State University Extension and Outreach.
  • Specht, J.E., T. Hoegemeyer, T.E. Hunt, plus 30 other co-authors. 2017. Nebraska Soybean & Corn Pocket Field Guide. Nebraska Soybean and Corn Boards and United Soybean Board.
  • Krupke, C, J. Obermeyer, A. Szczepaniec, A. Michel, B. McComack, B. Potter, B. Jensen, C. Difonzo, E. Hodgson, J. Knodel, J. Tooker, J. Peterson, K. Jarvi, K. Tilmon, R. Koch, S. Zukoff, T. Hunt, W. Bailey. 2015. The Effectiveness of Neonicotinoid Seed Treatments in Soybean. Purdue University Agricultural Communication, West Lafayette, IN.
  • Ohnesorg, W. J. and T. E. Hunt. 2015. Managing Soybean Defoliators. University of Nebraska Extension NebGuide G2259.
  • Wright, R., Hunt, T., Jarvi, K. 2013. Corn cutworms. (pp. 4). Lincoln NE: University of Nebraska Extension NebGuide G1153.
  • Wright, R. J. and T. E. Hunt. 2011. Soybean stem borers in Nebraska. University of Nebraska Extension NebGuide G2082.
  • Hunt, T. E., K. J. Jarvi, W. J. Ohnesorg, L. M. Pierson. 2011. Soybean Aphid Management in Nebraska. University of Nebraska Extension NebGuide G2063.
  • Cunningham, Alexander P., James R. Brandle, Stephen D. Danielson, and Thomas E. Hunt. 2007. Lady Beetles of Nebraska. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Extension Circular EC1780.
  • Anderson, B., L. Giesler, Hunt, T. E., S. Knezevic, C. Shapiro, and S. Kamble. 2003. Alfalfa in Nebraska. Nebraska Extension Circular. University of Nebraska Extension Service.
  • Hunt, T. E. and S. Z. Knezevic. 2002. Biological control of purple loosestrife: monitoring Galerucella establishment and impact. Extension Circular. University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension.
  • Hunt, T. E. and G. W. Echtenkamp. 2002. Resistance management for European corn borer and Bt transgenic corn: refuge design and placement. NebFact NF00-425 (revision). University of Nebraska Extension Service.
  • Hunt, T. E., J. F. Witkowski, and L. G. Higley. 2001. Soybean insect pests. p.147-161. In A. Martin (ed.) Nebraska Soybean Field Guide. Nebraska Soybean Board and University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension.
  • Danielson, S., T. E. Hunt, and K. Jarvi. 1994. Managing the alfalfa weevil. NebGuide. University of Nebraska Extension Service.
  • Hunt, T. E., J. F. Witkowski, R. Wright, and K. Jarvi. 1994. The bean leaf beetle in soybean. NebGuide. University of Nebraska Extension Service.

Electronic Tools/Media:

  • Hunt, T., S. Roberts, S. Kittle. 2022. Insect Diversity: Insects in the Garden & Around Us. Lesson Plan. EPA/University of Nebraska Entomology.

  • Hunt, T., N. Luhr, C. Luhr, S. Roberts, L. Roberts. 2022. Collecting Insects. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_awAzh8Le8

  • Hunt, T.E. 2016. Soybean Defoliation. Plant Management Network.
  • Ohnesorg, W. J. and T. E. Hunt. 2015. Soybean Defoliation Scouting Spreadsheet. University of Nebraska Extension Circular EC1589.
  • Paula-Moraes, Silvana V., Wayne J. Ohnesorg, Eric C. Burkness, Gary L. Hein, Thomas E. Hunt, Robert J. Wright and William D. Hutchison. 2012. Western Bean Cutworm Speed Scouting. Apple iPod Application, Apple, Inc.
  • Paula-Moraes, Silvana V., Wayne J. Ohnesorg, Eric C. Burkness, Gary L. Hein, Thomas E. Hunt, Robert J. Wright and William D. Hutchison. 2012. Western Bean Cutworm Speed Scouting Spreadsheet EC1585.
  • Ohnesorg, W. J., T. E. Hunt, and R. J. Wright. 2011. Soybean Aphid Speed Scouting Spreadsheet. University of Nebraska Extension Circular EC1582.
  • Hunt, T. E., and L. Schultze. 2004. Soybean aphid management (DVD & video). Pesticide Education Office, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Awards and Honors

  • CAPES-PRINT Teaching/Bridge Building Fellowship 2020 at the Universidade Federal Rural De Pernambuco, Brasil.

  • Excellence in Extension Team Award 2019, Soybean Management Field Day Program, University of Nebraska Extension.
  • International IPM Award of Excellence, 2018, North Central Soybean Entomology Research and Extension Team, 9th International IPM Symposium.
  • University-wide Departmental Teaching Award 2015, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
  • Top Mobile Apps for Agriculture 2014, Western Bean Cutworm Speed Scout. Ag Professional Magazine.
  • Distinguished Specialist. 2012. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension.
  • Integrated Pest Management Team Award. 2011. Entomological Foundation, European Corn Borer IPM Team.
  • National Excellence in Multistate Research Award. 2009. American Public Land-Grant Universities. Title: S-1039 Biology, Impact, and Management of Soybean Insect Pests in Soybean Production Systems.
  • Integrated Pest Management Team Award. 2009. Entomol. Foundation, Soybean Aphid IPM.
  • Educational Project Award by the Board Certified Entomologists of Mid-America, Title: Lady Beetles of Nebraska, 2008. Cunningham, Alexander P., James R. Brandle, Stephen D. Danielson, and Thomas E. Hunt.
  • Southern Region Nominee for National Excellence in Multistate Research Award. 2008, Title: “S-1039 Biology, Impact, and Management of Soybean Insect Pests in Soybean Production Systems”, Southern Association of Ag Experimental Station Directors.
  • National Entomological Society of America Special Project Award from the Board Certified Entomologists - team award (10 U.S. States, 1 Canadian Province) 2004. Title: Consensus Recommendation for Soybean Aphid Control.
  • Wayne State College Cooperative Education Certificate of Appreciation, Internship Program.
  • Univ. of Nebraska ARD Junior Faculty in Excellence Award, 2003.
  • Blue Ribbon Award, 1997. Nebraska Soybean Field Guide. Educational Aids Competition. Bulletin/Manual Category, Annu. Meet. ASAE.



Haskell Agricultural Laboratory
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