Dr. Judy Wu-Smart

Judy's picture
Extension & Research Entomologist
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Department of Entomology
105A Entomology Hall
Lincoln, NE
Phone: (402) 472-8696
Fax: (402) 472-4687
E-Mail: jwu-smart@unl.edu

Appointment: 50% Extension, 50% Research

  1. B.A. in Zoology, Humboldt State University (California), 2005
  2. M.S. in Entomology, Washington State University, 2010
  3. Ph.D. in Entomology, University of Minnesota, 2015

Professional Responsibilities and Activities:
The UNL Bee Lab pursues research questions and extension programs focused on better understanding various stressors impacting pollinator health in both managed and wild bee communities. Our lab also focuses on integrating research findings to mitigate stressors and inform sustainable pollinator-friendly policies as well as develop practical applications for integrated pest management in managed bee colonies. Current research projects examine the non-target effects of pesticide exposure on bees in agroecosystems, the impact of landscape enhancements on bee communities, interaction effects of multiple stressors on bee behavior and colony development, pest control strategies (including management of Varroa mites in honey bee colonies), and resistance management. Through our extension programming, we work closely with beekeepers, growers, various industries and small businesses, gardeners, and nature enthusiasts to develop best management practices and educate about the importance of pollinators and ecosystem diversity.


Nebraska Pollinator Habitat Certification

Refereed Journal Publications (2008-present):

Wu-Smart JY and Spivak M. (in prep). Effects of neonicotinoids on bumble bee (Bombus impatiens) queens and nest initiation.

Wu-Smart JY and Spivak M. (in review). Sub-lethal effects of neonicotinoid colony exposure on honey bee (Apis mellifera) queens and colony development.

Wu-Smart JY, Krischik V, Spivak M. (in prep). Evaluation of neonicotinoid toxicity testing in honey bees (Apis mellifera) and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens).

Wu JY, Smart MD, Anelli, CM, Sheppard WS. 2012. Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) reared in brood combs containing high levels of pesticide residues exhibit    increased susceptibility to Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) infection. J Invertebr Pathol. 109:326-329.

Wu JY, Anelli CM, Sheppard WS. 2011 Sub-lethal effects of pesticide residues in brood comb on worker honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) development and longevity. PLoS  ONE 6(2): e14720. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014720.

Book Chapters:

Pacific Northwest Insect Pest Management Handbook 2009- 2015. 
Alkali bee (Nomia melanderi Ckll.) arthropod pests and management 
Alfalfa leafcutter bee (Megachile rotundata F.) arthropod pests and management   
Blue orchard bee (Osmia lignaria Say) arthropod pests and management

Special Review of Neonicotinoid Use, Registration and Insect Pollinator Impacts in Minnesota (in process) - The Minnesota Depart. of Agriculture Pesticide & Fertilizer Management Division

Are Neonicotinoids Killing Bees? A Review of Research into the Effects of Neonicotioid  Insecticides on Bees with Recommendations for Action – Xerces Society   http://www.step-project.net/files/DOWNLOAD2/Are-Neonicotinoids-Killing-Bees_Xerces-Society1.pdf

Gardeners Beware: Bee-toxic Pesticides found in “Bee Friendly” plants sold at Garden Centers Nationwide – Friends of the Earth

Honey-Maker: How the Honey Bee Worker Does What She Does – Beargrass Press

Grants (2008-present)

in review:

Project Apis m. Health Hives Research Grant ($87,000): Co-PI submitted Feb 2016

CA Almond Board Research Grant ($70,000): Co-PI submitted Feb 2016

UNL Multistate Hatch Funding ($100,000): PI submitted Jan 2016

NE Corn Board Research Grant ($200,000): PI submitted Jan 2016


NDA National Honey Bee Survey Grant ($12,000): service contract, Apr 2016

NE Department of Roads Research Grant ($130,000): Co-PI, Apr 2016

USDA-NIFA Postdoctoral Grant ($141,200): PI, declined 2015

California Beekeepers Association Research Grants (total: $28,800): PI 2009-2013

Washington State Beekeepers Association Research Grants ($4000): PI 2008-2009

University Travel Grants (total: $1500)

Awards (2008-present)

Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship, Univ. of MN (1 yr tuition: $41,700): 2014    

American Association of Professional Apiculturists Student Scholarship ($1,000): 2012                              

Environmental Protection Agency Science To Achieve Results (STAR) Graduate         Fellowship (3 yrs tuition: $126,000): 2011-2014           

American Bee Research Conference (1st place student paper): 2010

WSU Award for Outstanding Women in Graduate Studies: 2009                                    

Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees Scholarship ($2000): 2009

Entomology Society of America: Pacific Branch Meeting (1st place student paper): 2009

WSU Dept. of Entomology Louis W. Getzin Memorial Scholarship ($500):2009

Relevant Workshops:

Introductory Beekeeping, UNL Mead, NE: 2016

Introductory Beekeeping field day, UNL Lincoln, NE: 2016

Introductory Beekeeping, UNL North Platte, NE: 2016

Pesticide Applicator’s Certification MNLA sponsored, Saint Paul, NE: 2012         

Successful queen rearing, UMN Saint Paul, MN: 2011, 2012, 2013

Beekeeping in Northern Climates, UMN Saint Paul, MN: 2012, 2013

Beginning beekeeping, UMN Saint Paul, MN: 2011, 2012

Beekeeping & Diagnostics short course, WSU Pullman, WA: 2009

Presentations (2008-present):15 scientific presentations + 42 invited
presentations: 7 guest lectures; 27 industry conferences; 3 public events; 5 scientific conferences
*invited, **multiple invited presentations at one meeting

American Bee Research conference, Jan 9, 2016: Neonicotinoid effects on queens & colony development

CA state Beekeepers conference, Nov 17-19, 2015: Neonicotinoid effects on queen bees & colony development

Kansas Beekeepers conference: Oct 29-31, 2015

            Pesticide residues in brood comb

            Neonicotinoids effects on queen bees and colony development        

            BeeSquad Programing and future research at UNL                

Center for Grasslands business meeting, Oct 23, 2015: Protecting pollinators

UMN Dissertation, Sept 15, 2015:  Integrating science and policy: examining effects of neonicotinoid insecticides on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and bumble bee (Bombus impatiens Cresson) queens, worker bees, and colony development

*UMN Plants, Insects and Microbes Course (CFANS 3333), Nov 24, 2014: Guest lecture          

National Entomological Society of America, Portland OR, Nov 17, 2014 (poster)

*Community of Scholars Program Symposium, Nov 14, 2014 (poster)                          

*Wisconsin Honey Producer Association, Trego WI, Nov 7, 2014                   

*St. Thomas University, Theology & Environment Course (THEO459), St. Paul MN, Sept  23, 2014: Guest lecture                                                            

*Minnesota Honey Producers Association, St. Cloud MN, Jul 18, 2014

*Café Scientifiqué, Minneapolis MN, Apr 15, 2014      

*UMN Pollinator protection in managed landscapes (HORT 4850), Apr 10, 2014, Guest lecture

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Nashville TN, Nov 21, 2013

*National Entomological Society of America (Beyond the LC50: Advancements in

Toxicological Research on Pollinators, Austin TX, Nov 9, 2013

UMN Landscape Arboretum Healthy Food Summit, Oct 14, 2013

UMN Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior Group Seminar, Saint Paul MN, Apr 26, 2013

*North Central Beekeepers Association, Brainerd MN, Apr 15, 2013

1st Natural Resources Association of Graduate Students (NRAGS) Graduate Student Research Symposium, Saint Paul MN, Apr 12, 2013

*Bayer Bee Care Center Tour, Saint Paul MN, Apr 3, 2013

UMN non-thesis seminar: Orchid bees (Euglossa viridissima), Mar 26, 2013

*Oneida County Beekeepers Association, Rhinelander WI, Jan 19, 2013

National Entomological Society of America, Knoxville TN, Nov 11-14 2012

*St. Croix Beekeepers Association, St. Croix WI, Oct 11 2012

*MN Honey Producers, Duluth, MN, Jul 13-14, 2012

*UMN: Seminar for Visiting Scientists/Agriculture representatives, Jul 17, 2012

American Bee Research Conference, Washington D.C., Feb 7-9, 2012

*Oregon Sate Beekeeper’s Association, Seaside, OR, Nov 18-20, 2011

*California Sate Beekeeper’s Association, Sonoma, CA, Nov 15-17, 2011

*Wisconsin Honey Producers Association, Rapid City, WI, Nov 3-6, 2011

*MN Honey Producers Association, Detroit Lakes, MN, Jul 14-16, 2011

North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow (ABF)/ American Bee

Research Conference (ABRC), Galveston, TX, Jan 4-8, 2011

*California State Beekeepers Association, San Luis Obispo, CA, Nov 16-18, 2010

**North Dakota Beekeepers Association, Bismarck, ND, Oct 7-10, 2010   

Minnesota Honey Producers, North Mankato, MN, Jul 15-17, 2010

**American Bee Research Conference (ABRC), Orlando, FL, Jan 12-16, 2010      

National Entomological Society of America, Indianapolis, IN, Dec 13-16, 2009

*Idaho Honey Industry Association, Boise, ID, Dec 3-4, 2009

*WSU: Honey bee biology class (Entom 365), Pullman, WA, Dec 3, 2009 

*Northwest corner beekeepers conference, Seaside, OR, Nov 22, 2009

*California State Beekeeper’s Association, San Diego, CA, Nov 17, 2009

*Montana State Beekeeper’s Association, Missoula, MT, Oct 17, 2009

*Northwest District Beekeeper’s Association, Snohomish, WA, Oct. 13, 2009

*Palouse Beekeeper’s Association, Moscow, ID, July 21, 2009

*South Dakota Beekeeper’s Association, Rapid City, SD, July 10-11, 2009

*Pierce County Beekeeper’s Association, Puyallup, WA, June 1, 2009

Entomological Society of America (Pacific Branch), San Diego, CA, Mar. 29, 2009         

WSU Academic Showcase, Pullman, WA, March 27, 2009: (poster)                             

American Honey Producers (National Meeting), Fresno, CA, Jan. 9-12, 2009

*Inland Empire Beekeeping Association, Spokane, WA, Dec. 12, 2008

*Idaho Honey Industry Association, Boise, ID, Dec. 6-7, 2008

*California State Beekeeper’s Association, Lake Tahoe, CA, Nov.11-13, 2008

*Washington State Beekeeper’s Association/ Oregon State Beekeeper’s Association, Joint meeting, Vancouver, WA, Oct 16-18, 2008

Entomology News at Nebraska

Breaking Entomological News...

  • Samantha DanielGraduate student Samantha Daniel did an awesome job being interviewed  by KODY radio about overwintering insects!!  http://www.huskeradio.com/mugs-in-the-morning/.  Samantha is a master's student mentored by Dr. Julie Peterson.
  • Dr. John RubersonDr. Tom WeisslingCongrats to John Ruberson and Tom Weissling who were honored at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Family and Friends Recognition Awards. These awards are nominations by parents for faculty and staff who have a made a significant difference in the students’  lives. Tom has now been recognized twice with this award! Congratulations! And a big thank you to the thoughtful students and parents.
  • Dr. Jeff BradshawDr. Jeff Bradshaw was chosen as president-elect of the North Central Branch of the Entomology Society of America. Bradshaw is an associate professor of Entomology, extension specialist, and interim director of the Panhandle Research and Extension Center in Scottsbluff. 
  • Entomology Alumna Jennifer Weisbrod was recently selected as the new Pesticide Safety Education Program coordinator in the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture. Weisbrod graduated with her master's degree in Entomology in 2020 and is taking the reins from her predecessor Clyde Ogg, emeritus extension educator.
  • Dr. Sylvana Paula-MoraesCongratulations to departmental alumna Dr. Silvana Paula-Moraes who was recently named the recipient of the 2021 Department of Entomology Alumni Recognition Award. She presented a online seminar in connection with the award on Monday, March 1, 2021.
  • 7 seal awardThe UNL Department of Entomology has been awarded the Seven Seals Award by the Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve (ESGR). The Seven Seals Award is presented in recognition of significant individual or organizational achievement, initiative, or support that promotes and supports the ESGR mission, to include the efforts of the more than 4,500 volunteers who carry out ESGR’s mission across the nation on a daily basis. The Entomology Department is fortunate to support Courtney Brummel and Sheldon Brummel in their service to the nation. Thanks for the nomination, Courtney and Sheldon!