Online Education - Course Selection and MOC

The MOC (memorandum of courses) is an outline of the student's program of study. It is similar to a contract. The courses listed on the MOC are expected to be successfully completed (grade of B or better in major courses with an undergraduate counterpart and grade of C or better in minor courses or in major courses without an undergraduate counterpart) before the student can graduate. Minor changes may be made after the MOC is filed, but all changes must be approved by the Office of Graduate Studies.

Preferably, the MOC should be completed after a student has taken 4 credit hours of coursework, but no later than before the student has completed 18 credit hours towards the degree. It can be filed as early as the student's first semester of study. The MOC must be filed before the semester of graduation.

The MOC form can be accessed here. When preparing the MOC, the student should consult the course schedule to verify that the courses will be offered in the timeframe of the student's program of study.

On the MOC form the degree of candidacy is M.S. If no minor is being pursued, that area can be left blank. All courses taken, including pertinent transfer credit, and courses yet to be taken to complete the M.S. degree should be listed. If the course has been completed, the letter grade should be included.

Once completed, the MOC should be sent to Erin Bauer at for approval and signatures.

MOC Substitutes
MOC’s are designed to help students lay out a course plan for their M.S. degree. The MOC should reflect a best guess on which courses will be taken. However, substitutions can be made, as long as students ensure they still have 18 credits of graduate only (800 or 900 level courses) and 18 credits of entomology as part of the plan. Please note that any course listed on the MOC that the student has started but not completed (listed as an “Incomplete”) must be finished before graduation.

For example: The original MOC has a 1 credit hour of Independent Study (ENTO 896), and a student decides later to take a 1 credit class instead. This is acceptable, but the 1 credit class would have to either be:
  • another graduate only class, which could then replace the Independent Study, or
  • if a grad class with an undergraduate counterpart (i.e. 400/800), the student would have to also take the 1 credit Independent Study to meet the 18 grad only credit requirement.


Following is a brief outline of requirements for the degree. For further details regarding the program requirements, consult the Program Overview.

  class="dcf-txt-center">Requirements for the Entomology distance Masters of Science

  • Total 36 credit hours
  • At least 18 credit hours in entomology
  • At least 18 credit hours from UNL (cannot transfer more than 18 credit hours)
  • At least 18 credit hours in 900 or 800 level courses that do not have a 400 level counterpart
  • Degree must be completed within ten consecutive years; credits over ten years old will not count toward the degree.

900 or 800 level courses WITHOUT a 400 level counterpart:
Course NumberCourse TitleCredit Hours
805Introduction to Entomology1
810Insects as Educational Tools3
816Biological Control of Insects3
818Insect ID and Natural History4
819Insect Behavior3
820Insect Toxicology3
825Management of Agronomic Insects3
828Scientific Illustration3
830Introduction to the Development of Distance Education Courses3
837IPM in Sensitive Environments1
888M.S. Degree project4
896Insect Evolution3
896Insects in Popular Culture1
896Independent Study1-6
915Presentation Methods2
800 level courses WITH a 400 level counterpart:
401/801Insect Physiology3
403/803Management of Horticultural Insects3
409/809Insect Control by Host Plant Resistance3
412/812Entomology and Pest Management3
414/814Forensic Entomology3
415/815Medical Entomology3
416/816Forensic Insect Succession3


Insect ID and Natural History and M.S. Degree Project are all required courses. In addition, students must take either Insect Physiology or Insecticide Toxicology.

Breaking Entomological News...

  • Insect Science major Earl Agpawa (conducting undergraduate research with Joe Louis and Eileen Hebets) was named the 2020 winner of the ESA’s Plant-Insect Ecosystems Undergraduate Student Achievement Award.This is a national award that recognizes outstanding accomplishments in entomology by an undergraduate student working with insect-plant interactions. Congratulations, Earl!
  • PhD student Sajjan Grover (mentored by Joe Louis) was named the 2020 winner of the ESA’s Plant-Insect Ecosystems Kenneth and Barbara Starks Plant Resistance to Insects Graduate Student Award. This is a national award recognizing a graduate student for outstanding work in the area of host plant resistance. Congratulations, Sajjan!
  • Dr. Joe Louis receives a grant to study resistance in sorghum to fall armyworm
  • Check out the Emerald Ash Borer Resource Center, and our Emerald Ash Borer Look-Alike Insects Sheet - Be Sure Before You Treat!